Featured Professionals

*This section is featuring the cutting-edge professional activities of those professionals who are involved in the programs of the International Institute

I. Dr. Pim Cuijpers, a member of the Faculty of the Institute, is ranked as Higly Cited Researcher in Psychiatry/Psychology (2014).

II Dr. Judith S. Beck, Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research USA:

The Beck Diet Solution: Train Your Brain to Think Like a Thin Person

(Book published by the Oxmoor House, 2007)

Selection (with small annotations) from the original source

The Beck Diet Solution is different from other diet books because it is a psychological program, not a food plan. Many people find that when they stick with a diet — any diet — it works. But studies show that most of us can’t make ourselves stick to a diet long-term. Now, there is growing focus on behavioral and cognitive principles to help people change the way they think about food and eating. With the step-by-step program in this book, you will be able to stay on your diet, lose weight, and maintain your weight loss for life. The Beck Diet Solution is based on clinical research in Cognitive Therapy.

For more details please see at: http://www.beckdietsolution.com; and http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=9521105;

 

III. Dr. David H. Barlow, Boston University, USA, and his colleagues:

Toward a Unified Treatment for Emotional Disorders

in

Behavior Therapy, 35, 205-230, 2004

Selection  from the original source

Over 40 years of development of cognitive behavioral approaches to treating anxiety and related emotional disorders have left us with highly efficacious treatments that are increasingly widely accepted. Nevertheless, these manualized protocols have become numerous and somewhat complex, restricting effective training and dissemination. Deepening understanding of the nature of emotional disorders reveals that commonalities in etiology and latent structure among these disorders supercedes differences. This suggests the possibility of distilling a set of psychological procedures that would comprise a unified intervention for emotional disorders. Based on theory and data emerging from the fields of learning, emotional development and regulation, and cognitive science, we identify three fundamental therapeutic components relevant to the treatment of emotional disorders generally. These three components include (a) altering antecedent cognitive reappraisals; (b) preventing emotional avoidance; and (c) facilitating action tendencies not associated with the emotion that is dysregulated. This treatment takes place in the context of provoking emotional expression (emotional exposure) through situational, internal, and somatic (interoceptive cues), as well as through standard mood-induction exercises, and differs from patient to patient only in the situational cues and exercises utilized. Theory and rationale supporting this new approach are described along with some preliminary experience with the protocol. This unified treatment may represent a more efficient and possibly a more effective strategy in treating emotional disorders, pending further evaluation.

Psychological Treatments

in

American Psychologist, 9, 869-879, 2004

Selection  from the original source

Psychology has recently identified itself as a health care profession, and codified this change in the by-laws of APA. While psychologists make a number of contributions to the nation’s health, and mental health, the most identifiable activity focuses on treating physical or psychological pathology with psychological interventions. Recently it has been established by health care policy makers that evidence supporting the efficacy of these interventions is more than sufficient for inclusion in health care systems around the world. To promote faster and more widespread dissemination of these interventions specifically targeting problems severe enough to be included in health care systems, and to solidify the identification of psychology as a health care profession, perhaps it is time for a change in terminology. It is proposed that we label these procedures “psychological treatments”, so as to differentiate them from more generic psychotherapy, often utilized outside of the scope of health care systems.

 

IV. Dr. Philip C. Kendall, Temple University, USA:

Selection from the original source

Coping Cat: Individual Treatment Program for ANXIOUS youth has been recognized by a panel of independent reviewers as an “Effective Program” for inclusion in the National Registry of Effective Programs and Practices (NREPP). NREPP, a repository of science-based prevention and treatment programs, contains implementation and outcome information on interventions developed and/or sponsored by Federal agencies, state governments, foundations, and corporations. For more details see HERE.

 

V. Dr. Elizabeth F. Loftus, University of California, Irvine, California, USA, and her colleagues (Kanter et al., 2004):

Experimental and Psychotherapeutic Demand Characteristics and the Cognitive Therapy Rationale: An Analogue Study

in

Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 229–239, 2004

Selection from the original source

In cognitive therapy (CT) for depression, the treatment rationale is presented in lay terms as an ABC sequence such that A represents a recent event, B represents automatic thoughts about the event, and C represents the resulting affective response. This study investigated the influence of the cognitive-behavioral rationale and an alternative rationale on participants’ self-reported thoughts and feelings in response to images. While the CT rationale assumes that cognition precedes and causes affect, the alternative rationale flipped the terms of ABC into an ACB theory in which affect is assumed to precede and cause cognition. It was found that both rationales influenced reporting: Those who received the ABC rationale reported that more automatic thoughts were evoked first, while those who received the ACB rationale reported that more automatic feelings were evoked first. The rationales also were more influential on high arousal images and less influential for participants with previous therapy experience. Results are discussed in terms of experimental demand characteristics (conscious compliance) and psychotherapeutic demand characteristics (nonconscious changes in clinically relevant behavior) and implications for therapy.

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